Mandu or Mandavgad is a uninhabited ancient city in the present-day Mandav area of the Dhar district. It is located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh. In the 11th century, Mandu was the sub division of the “Tarangagadh”. This fortress town on a rocky outcrop about 100 km (62 mi) from Indore is celebrated for its fine architecture. An inscription discovered from Dhar district states that the word “Mandu” is believed to be a Prakrit corruption of “Mandapa Durga“. The inscription is dated 555 CE, which indicates that Mandu was a flourishing town in 6th century.
Places Of Interest
Mandu, due to its strategic position and natural defences, was an important place with a rich and varied history. It was an important military outpost and its military past can be gauged by the circuit of the battlemented wall, which is nearly 37 km (23 mi) and is punctuated by 12 gateways. The wall encloses a large number of palaces, mosques, Jain temples of 14th century and other buildings. The oldest mosque dates from 1405; the finest is the Jama Masjid or great mosque, a notable example of Pashtun architecture. The marble domed tomb of this ruler is also magnificent.
A large sandstone structure originally built as an army observation post it is known today as “Roopmati’s Pavilion“. Rani Roopmati – the love interest of Baaz Bahadur lived here and is said to have gazed at the Baz Bahadur’s Palace – situated below and also at Narmada river, flowing through the Nimar plains far below, a river which the queen revered.
Built by Baz Bahadur, this 16th-century structure is famous for its large courtyards encompassed by large halls and high terraces. It is situated below “Roopmati’s Pavilion” and can be seen from the pavilion. And, more often than not, awes the tourists gazing upon it by its, fine architecture and sheer beauty.
A reservoir constructed by Baz Bahadur for the purpose of supplying water to Rani Roopmati’s Pavilion. The reservoir is situated below the pavilion and hence is considered an architectural marvel, and as magnificent as the history of the city, it shares its name with.
Darya Khan was a minister in the court of Mahmud Khalji II, and his tomb lies in a walled complex along with another tomb, a mosque, a pond and an inn. At the centre of the complex is the massive sand stone tomb of Darya Khan. “Hathi Paga Mahal “or “Elephant Leg Palace” is located on the south-eastern side of the Darya Khan Complex, and is crowned with a massive dome.
Shri Mandavagadh Teerth is dedicated to “Lord Suparshvanatha”. It belongs to Shwetambar Sect of Jainism. The temple has been attractively constructed and looks exquisite. It underwent expansion in 14th century. The idol of Lord Suparshvanath is believed to be much older. The idol is white in complexion and is approx.3 feet in height. It is seated in a padmansana posture. Apart from this in this same fort there is a fine temple of smaller size of Lord Shantinath. Ruins of many temples and idols can be seen here. As per a reference once there were almost 700 Jain temples here.
Inspired by the great mosque of Damascus, this enormous structure is striking in both its simplicity and architectural style-with large courtyards and grand entrances. At the front of Jaami Mosque, there are ruins of Asharfi Palace. There is a seven-story winning memorial at the north-east of the Palace, and also a fascinating Ram Temple nearby, which was built by Maharani Sakarwar bai pawar in 1769 AD.
Considered by many as ,India’s first marble structure, it is one of the most refined examples of Afghan architecture. Its unique features include the beautifully proportioned dome, intricate marble lattice work and porticoed courts and towers. It is said to be served as a template for the construction of Taj Mahal.
Situated between two artificial lakes, this two storied architectural marvel is so named as it appears as a ship floating in water. Built by Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din-Khilji, it served as a harem for the Sultan.
Hindola Mahal – meaning Swing palace is so named due to its sloping side walls. As Bizzare the name, As the architecture suggests, And as Picturesque view it holds. The Hindola Mahal might have been constructed during the reign of Hushang Shah about 1425 C.E. but may date to the end of the 15th century during the reign of Ghiyas-ud-Din. It is one of a set buildings making up the royal palace complex at Mandu, which consists of the Jahaz Mahal, the Hindola Mahal, the Tawili Mahal, and the Nahar Jharokha. The Hindola Mahal may have been used as an audience chamber. There are a number of other, undated structures surrounding the palace – an evidence of the rich and glorious past.
The wall encompassing Mandu has 12 major Darwazas or Gates. The present road, through which Mandu is reached passes through many of these. Also encountered are smaller gateways built to provide protection to the above-mentioned 12 gates.
Season to Visit
October-March is the best time to visit this place. Mandu is accessible to tourists throughout the year. The summers are quite hot, just like the other parts of Madhya Pradesh Tourism, and the winters are comparatively more pleasant. Hence, we recommend the winter season to visit Mandu and explore it in its full grandeur. Monsoons are also pleasant, with occasional rainfall which keeps the temperature on the lower side compared to summers.
- City existing even before of 6th BC.
- Sheltering Architectural heritage from across the arts.
- Witness to the Legendary love story of Rani Roopvati and Baz Bahadur.